Number of Liquidation Victims Still a Mystery

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The National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) mapped out at least six areas affected by liquefaction and land collapsed due to the earthquake in Central Sulawesi. Land collapsed occurred at the Balaroa National Park, Palu City. Whereas liquefaction occurred in the Petobo National Park, Palu City, as well as in the Mpano, Sidera, Jono Oge, and Lolu regions, in Sigi Regency.


BNPB Head of Data Information and Public Relations Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said, to date the number of victims affected by the land has collapsed and liquefaction has not been known with certainty. According to him, based on the reports of two village heads in the Petobo Housing and Balaroa Housing Authority, the number of victims reached thousands.

"We have not been able to identify the population, but based on reports from village heads in Balaroa and Petobo, it is estimated that there are more than 1,000," he said at a press conference at Graha BNPB, East Jakarta, Thursday (4/10).

Based on satellite imagery from LAPAN, Sutopo said, around 202 hectares of Jono Oge area, Sigi Regency, were affected by liquefaction. He estimated, about 366 housing units were damaged.

According to him, conditions on the ground, residents' homes could not be recognized. The reason is, the house has been submerged by mud at a depth of approximately 3 meters.

"First, the land is open, mud comes out with water already. Directly rolls him up, circling, basically we are taken to Bow Village," said Syaiful, a Jono Oge villager who managed to escape from the mudflow that accompanied the earthquake shocks.

Kampung Bow, also called Hamlet Tiga, is part of Langaleso Village, which is adjacent to Jono Oge Village. "I don't think that for a long time, I don't think I moved from home. It turned out that it was far away, drifting two kilometers away," Syaiful said.

From the split ground, spraying mud, which rolled up and washed away a village in the liquefaction process where the soil turned into mud because water-rich plants were shaken violently by the earthquake. The mudflow washed away everything that was originally in Jono Oge Village to the west until it ran aground in Langaleso Village, precisely in Hamlet Tiga.
While in the Petobo area, the area affected was 180 hectares and converted 2,050 damaged buildings. While the effects of liquefaction in the areas of Lolu, Sidera and Mpane are unknown.

The land subsidence phenomenon also occurred in around 47.8 hectares of the Balaroa region. He said, some of the land had collapsed as deep as 3 meters, while the others were raised as high as 2 meters. He estimates that there are at least 1,045 damaged buildings.

Vice President Jusuf Kalla promised the reconstruction of the earthquake and tsunami disaster in Palu-Sigi, and Donggala would be completed within two years. After a maximum of two months of emergency response, the Government will continue the rehabilitation and reconstruction process.

"Then we have to make temporary shelters, then after that rehabilitation of the reconstruction of damaged and collapsed houses and buildings," Jusuf Kalla said after reviewing the handling of the impact of the earthquake and tsunami in Palu on Friday (5/10).

But JK said, his nickname, the concept of rehabilitation and reconstruction of earthquakes in Palu-Donggala was different from the concept of reconstruction like in Lombok. Because, the Palu-Donggala earthquake occurred in urban areas, in contrast to Lombok in many rural areas.


"If the Lombok village is in a different urban area. In the village of Lombok, the land area can be arranged in a variety of ways, if it is small here the land is so because it is possible (reconstruction) to make a rich (area), right," said JK.

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